Home » Articles » Common Topical Antibiotics for Acne Treatment

Common Topical Antibiotics for Acne Treatment

10 Dec 2010 Topical antibiotics in the form of cream or gel or lotion are widely used in the treatment of acne. One of the most commonly used anti-acne medications is topical antibiotic cream that is used as a stand-alone acne treatment or in combinations with other medications in order to totally remove acne and prevent breakouts.

Topical antibiotics are helpful in treating inflammatory acne. This type of acne is seen as a reddish and painful bump on the face and which occurs when follicles become obstructed and there is the overgrowth of a normal skin bacteria, refereed as Propionibacterium acnes. This is the type of acne that can cause scars if left untreated. Topical antibiotics are applied and they work by killing the Propionibacterium acnes bacteria.

This prevents the growth of small infections in the pores and indirectly keep the pores open. The topical antibiotics for acne treatment are sold as lotions, gels, pads, and toner-like solutions. Topical acne cream do not have any dangers associated with oral antibiotics used for acne treatment. It is easy to use and easily absorbed by the skin. Moreover you need to apply just a thin layer at least twice a day and harsh cleansers or other acne creams should be avoided.


The most commonly prescribed medications are described below:

Clindamycin
This medication contains phosphate and Benzoyl peroxide. This antibiotic cream kill the bacteria which causes the acne. It also helps in getting rid off the dead skin cells from the surface of the skin's layers. Watch out for the side effects that occur like skin dryness, irritation and peeling but they are usually mild and fairly tolerable. But some also experience excessive oil production, skin swelling, skin itching or burning, rash, and slight breathing difficulty. This implies that the medication does not suit and it should be stopped immediately.

Erythromycin
This is another popular antibiotic cream used for acne treatment. This cream has an unique process in which oxygen is used to kill off the bacteria causing the acne. It helps clear off blockage from the skin pores and follicles. The best thing about this cream is that you can use it even while you’re pregnant as it is seen that many pregnant women suffer from acne caused about by hormonal imbalances. There certain side effects to erythromycin like skin itching, redness, increased oil production, skin dryness or burning. Again, if you have any allergic reaction to erythromycin, it is necessary to consult with your doctor immediately. Both the above medicines requires prescription. The other two common medicines are Tetrocycline and Metronidazole. It is necessary these topical antibiotics must be applied as per doctor's advice and should not be stopped without completing the course, unless and until there is any allergic reactions. Effective results can is seen in one to one and a half months after the treatment begins. You know that your topical antibiotic cream is working when there is less painful lesions as the bacteria begins to reduce.